SDSS-IV MaNGA: Uncovering the Angular Momentum Content of Central and Satellite Early-type Galaxies

J. E. Greene, A. Leauthaud, E. Emsellem, J. Ge, A. Aragón-Salamanca, J. Greco, Y. T. Lin, S. Mao, K. Masters, M. Merrifield, S. More, N. Okabe, D. P. Schneider, D. Thomas, D. A. Wake, K. Pan, D. Bizyaev, D. Oravetz, A. Simmons, R. YanF. Van Den Bosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We study 379 central and 159 satellite early-type galaxies with two-dimensional kinematics from the integral-field survey Mapping Nearby Galaxies at APO (MaNGA) to determine how their angular momentum content depends on stellar and halo mass. Using the Yang et al. group catalog, we identify central and satellite galaxies in groups with halo masses in the range 1012.5 h-1 M⊙< M200b < 1015 h-1 M⊙. As in previous work, we see a sharp dependence on stellar mass, in the sense that ∼70% of galaxies with stellar mass M∗ > 1011 h-2 M⊙ tend to have very little rotation, while nearly all galaxies at lower mass show some net rotation. The ∼30% of high-mass galaxies that have significant rotation do not stand out in other galaxy properties, except for a higher incidence of ionized gas emission. Our data are consistent with recent simulation results suggesting that major merging and gas accretion have more impact on the rotational support of lower-mass galaxies. When carefully matching the stellar mass distributions, we find no residual differences in angular momentum content between satellite and central galaxies at the 20% level. Similarly, at fixed mass, galaxies have consistent rotation properties across a wide range of halo mass. However, we find that errors in classification of central and satellite galaxies with group finders systematically lower differences between satellite and central galaxies at a level that is comparable to current measurement uncertainties. To improve constraints, the impact of group-finding methods will have to be forward-modeled via mock catalogs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, and the Participating Institutions. SDSS-IV acknowledges support and resources from the Center for High-Performance Computing at the University of Utah. The SDSS website is

Funding Information:
We thank the anonymous referee for carefully reading the manuscript multiple times. We thank P. Hopkins and K. Bundy for useful conversations. We especially thank Z. Penoyre and S. Genel for providing their manuscript before submission. J.E.G. is partially supported by NSF AST-1411642. S.M. is supported by the Japan Society for Promotion of Science grants JP15K17600 and JP16H01089. F.B. acknowledges support from the Klaus Tschira Foundation, through the HITS-Yale Program in Astrophysics (HYPA).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


  • galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • galaxies: halos
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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