Search for hep solar neutrinos and the diffuse supernova neutrino background using all three phases of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

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7 Scopus citations


A search has been performed for neutrinos from two sources, the hep reaction in the solar pp fusion chain and the νe component of the diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB), using the full dataset of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory with a total exposure of 2.47 kton-years after fiducialization. The hep search is performed using both a single-bin counting analysis and a likelihood fit. We find a best-fit flux that is compatible with solar model predictions while remaining consistent with zero flux, and set a one-sided upper limit of φhep<30×103 cm-2 s-1 [90% credible interval (CI)]. No events are observed in the DSNB search region, and we set an improved upper bound on the νe component of the DSNB flux of φνeDSNB<19 cm-2 s-1 (90% CI) in the energy range 22.9<Eν<36.9 MeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062006
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by: Canada: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Industry Canada, National Research Council, Northern Ontario Heritage Fund, Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd., Ontario Power Generation, High Performance Computing Virtual Laboratory, Canada Foundation for Innovation, Canada Research Chairs program, Breakthrough Prize Fund at Queen’s University; U.S.: Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Physics, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration through the Nuclear Science and Security Consortium; U.K.: Science and Technology Facilities Council (formerly Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council); Portugal: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. We thank the SNO technical staff for their strong contributions. We thank INCO (now Vale, Ltd.) for hosting this project in their Creighton mine. We also thank John Beacom for helpful suggestions and discussions regarding atmospheric neutrino backgrounds.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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