Search for Majoron-emitting modes of Xe 136 double beta decay with the complete EXO-200 dataset

S. Al Kharusi, G. Anton, I. Badhrees, P. S. Barbeau, D. Beck, V. Belov, T. Bhatta, M. Breidenbach, T. Brunner, G. F. Cao, W. R. Cen, C. Chambers, B. Cleveland, M. Coon, A. Craycraft, T. Daniels, L. Darroch, S. J. Daugherty, J. Davis, S. DelaquisA. Der Mesrobian-Kabakian, R. Devoe, J. Dilling, A. Dolgolenko, M. J. Dolinski, J. Echevers, Jr Fairbank, D. Fairbank, J. Farine, S. Feyzbakhsh, P. Fierlinger, D. Fudenberg, P. Gautam, R. Gornea, G. Gratta, C. Hall, E. V. Hansen, J. Hoessl, P. Hufschmidt, M. Hughes, A. Iverson, A. Jamil, C. Jessiman, M. J. Jewell, A. Johnson, A. Karelin, L. J. Kaufman, T. Koffas, R. Krücken, A. Kuchenkov, K. S. Kumar, Y. Lan, A. Larson, B. G. Lenardo, D. S. Leonard, G. S. Li, S. Li, Z. Li, C. Licciardi, Y. H. Lin, R. MacLellan, T. McElroy, T. Michel, B. Mong, D. C. Moore, K. Murray, O. Njoya, O. Nusair, A. Odian, I. Ostrovskiy, A. Perna, A. Piepke, A. Pocar, F. Retière, A. L. Robinson, P. C. Rowson, D. Ruddell, J. Runge, S. Schmidt, D. Sinclair, K. Skarpaas, A. K. Soma, V. Stekhanov, M. Tarka, S. Thibado, J. Todd, T. Tolba, T. I. Totev, R. Tsang, B. Veenstra, V. Veeraraghavan, P. Vogel, J. L. Vuilleumier, M. Wagenpfeil, J. Watkins, M. Weber, L. J. Wen, U. Wichoski, G. Wrede, S. X. Wu, Q. Xia, D. R. Yahne, L. Yang, Y. R. Yen, O. Ya Zeldovich, T. Ziegler

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8 Scopus citations


A search for Majoron-emitting modes of the neutrinoless double beta decay of Xe136 is performed with the full EXO-200 dataset. This dataset consists of a total Xe136 exposure of 234.1 kg·yr, and includes data with detector upgrades that have improved the energy threshold relative to previous searches. A lower limit of T1/2Xe136>4.3×1024 yr at 90% C.L. on the half-life of the spectral index n=1 Majoron decay was obtained, a factor of 3.6 more stringent than the previous limit from EXO-200 and a factor of 1.6 more stringent than the previous best limit from KamLAND-Zen. This limit corresponds to a constraint on the Majoron-neutrino coupling constant of |geeM|<(0.4-0.9)×10-5. The lower threshold and the additional data taken resulted in a factor 8.4 improvement for the n=7 mode compared to the previous EXO-200 search. This search provides the most stringent limits to date on the Majoron-emitting decays of Xe136 with spectral indices n=1, 2, 3, and 7.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112002
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
EXO-200 is supported by the DOE and NSF in the USA, NSERC in Canada, SNF in Switzerland, IBS in Korea, RFBR in Russia, DFG in Germany, and CAS and ISTCP in China. The EXO-200 data analysis and simulation use resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC). We gratefully acknowledge the KARMEN Collaboration for supplying the cosmic-ray veto detectors, as well as the WIPP for their hospitality. We would also like to thank Ricardo Cepedello for providing some of the energy spectra of two electrons for neutrinoless double beta decay of with nonstandard Majoron emission.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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