Seasonal changes in germination responses of buried seeds of the weedy summer annual grass Setaria glauca

C. C. Baskin, J. M. Baskin, S. A. El-Moursey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seeds of Setaria glauca (L.) Beauv. buried in soil and exposed to natural temperature cycles exhibited seasonal changes in temperature, but generally not light:dark requirements for germination. Seeds were dormant at maturity in late September and October (autumn), and during burial from October to January they entered conditional dormancy, germinating up to ≤60% in light and darkness at daily thermoperiods of 25/15, 30/15 and 35/20°C by January. During burial from February to May or June, seeds became non-dormant and germinated up to 68-100% in light and darkness at 15/6, 20/10, 25/15, 30/15 and 35/20°C in May or June. At maximum yearly temperatures in June or July-August, 65-89% of the seeds entered conditional dormancy (germinating at 30/15 and 35/20, but not at 15/6, 20/10 and 25/15°C), and the others entered dormancy (not germinating at any thermoperiod). Thus, most buried seeds had an annual conditional dormancy/non-dormancy cycle, but some had an annual dormancy/non-dormancy cycle. Except for seeds buried in 1990 that lost the ability to germinate in darkness at all thermoperiods the first summer of burial, seeds incubated in light and in darkness exhibited the same patterns of seasonal changes in germination responses. Although conditionally dormant and non-dormant seeds germinated to high percentages in darkness in Petri dishes, seedlings were found only in bags of seeds exhumed in April and May 1983, indicating that some factor(s) associated with the burial environment other than darkness prevented germination of buried seeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalWeed Research
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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