Seasonal changes in the germination responses of buried seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana and ecological interpretation.

J. M. Baskin, C. C. Baskin

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86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Buried seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to natural seasonal temperature changes exhibited an annual dormancy/nondormancy cycle. The majority of freshly matured seeds were dormant. During burial in summer, fresh seeds and those that had been buried for 1 and 2 yr afterripened. During afterripening, seeds first germinated at 15/6oC and then at progressively higher temperatures until they were nondormant by October, when they germinated to high percentages at all thermoperiods except 35/20oC. Light was required for germination of both conditionally dormant and nondormant seeds. During autumn and winter, seeds reentered dormancy, first losing the ability to germinate at high and then at low temperatures. Thus, seeds can germinate in the field only in autumn, and germination is restricted to those seeds on or near the soil surface where both light and moisture can be nonlimiting. In spring, seeds are dormant; in summer, temperatures are too high for germination, and in winter, they are too low. A. thaliana thus behaves as a winter annual. -Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-543
Number of pages4
JournalBotanical Gazette
Volume144
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (all)

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