Secondary reconstruction of maxillofacial trauma

Jaime Castro-Núñez, Joseph E. Van Sickels

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review: Craniomaxillofacial trauma is one of the most complex clinical conditions in contemporary maxillofacial surgery. Vital structures and possible functional and esthetic sequelae are important considerations following this type of trauma and intervention. Despite the best efforts of the primary surgery, there are a group of patients that will have poor outcomes requiring secondary reconstruction to restore form and function. The purpose of this study is to review current concepts on secondary reconstruction to the maxillofacial complex. Recent findings: The evaluation of a posttraumatic patient for a secondary reconstruction must include an assessment of the different subunits of the upper face, middle face, and lower face. Virtual surgical planning and surgical guides represent the most important innovations in secondary reconstruction over the past few years. Intraoperative navigational surgery/computed-assisted navigation is used in complex cases. Facial asymmetry can be corrected or significantly improved by segmentation of the computerized tomography dataset and mirroring of the unaffected side by means of virtual surgical planning. Navigational surgery/computed-assisted navigation allows for a more precise surgical correction when secondary reconstruction involves the replacement of extensive anatomical areas. The use of technology can result in custom-made replacements and prebent plates, which are more stable and resistant to fracture because of metal fatigue. Summary: Careful perioperative evaluation is the key to positive outcomes of secondary reconstruction after trauma. The advent of technological tools has played a capital role in helping the surgical team perform a given treatment plan in a more precise and predictable manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-325
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • late reconstruction
  • maxillofacial trauma
  • secondary maxillofacial reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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