Selection-free zinc-finger-nuclease engineering by context-dependent assembly (CoDA)

Jeffry D. Sander, Elizabeth J. Dahlborg, Mathew J. Goodwin, Lindsay Cade, Feng Zhang, Daniel Cifuentes, Shaun J. Curtin, Jessica S. Blackburn, Stacey Thibodeau-Beganny, Yiping Qi, Christopher J. Pierick, Ellen Hoffman, Morgan L. Maeder, Cyd Khayter, Deepak Reyon, Drena Dobbs, David M. Langenau, Robert M. Stupar, Antonio J. Giraldez, Daniel F. VoytasRandall T. Peterson, Jing Ruey J. Yeh, J. Keith Joung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

442 Scopus citations


Engineered zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) enable targeted genome modification. Here we describe context-dependent assembly (CoDA), a platform for engineering ZFNs using only standard cloning techniques or custom DNA synthesis. Using CoDA-generated ZFNs, we rapidly altered 20 genes in Danio rerio, Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max. The simplicity and efficacy of CoDA will enable broad adoption of ZFN technology and make possible large-scale projects focused on multigene pathways or genome-wide alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-69
Number of pages3
JournalNature Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by US National Institutes of Health grants R01 GM088040 (J.K.J. and R.T.P.), R01 GM069906 (J.K.J.), R24 GM078369 (J.K.J.), R01 CA140188 (J.-R.J.Y.), R01 GM081602 (A.J.G.), RC2 MH089956 (A.J.G.), K01 AG031300 (J.-R.J.Y.), K01 AR055619 (D.M.L.) and T32 CA009216 (J.D.S. and J.S.B.); by National Science Foundation grant DBI 0923827 (D.F.V., D.D. and J.K.J.); by the Claflin Distinguished Scholar Award (J.-R.J.Y.); by the Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council (S.J.C. and R.M.S.); and by Alex’s Lemonade Stand and the Leukemia Research Foundation (D.M.L.).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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