Electron paramagnetic resonance was used to characterize the first use of a thiol-specific spin label in membranes. Procedures for use of the spin-label, 1-oxyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-Δ3-pyrroline-3-methyl (methanethiosulfonate MTS) covalently attached to membrane proteins in human erythrocyte membranes are reported. The major findings are: (1) MTS was found to be thiol-specific in membranes as it is for soluble proteins; (2) MTS labels ghost proteins in as few as 30 min at room temperature, providing a distinct advantage when sensitive or fragile membranes are to be used; (3) the distribution of the spin label suggests that the major cytoskeletal protein, spectrin, and the major transmembrane protein (Band 3) incorporate the highest percentage of spin label. This procedure expands the tools with which the researcher can investigate the physical state of membrane proteins and its alteration upon interaction of membrane perturbants or in pathological conditions.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods
|Published - Nov 1995
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supportedi n part by grantsf rom NSF (AG-10836).
- Membrane protein
- Protein-specific spin labelling
ASJC Scopus subject areas