Self-Adaptation Techniques in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs)

Sherali Zeadally, Teodora Sanislav, George Dan Mois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are large-scale complex systems that monitor and control physical processes by using computer algorithms tightly integrated with networking and their users. Monitoring and controlling the physical environment is a hot topic for today's researchers and engineers in academia and industry. Within this realm, an important feature of current and future Information and Communications Technology (ICT) systems is self-adaptation-yet there is a shortage of information focusing on this characteristic in the literature, particularly as it relates to CPSs. Here, we investigate current state-of-the-art research on CPSs from this perspective, and evaluate the main self-adaptive approaches proposed in the literature, along with their results, strengths, and weaknesses. We also discuss appropriate techniques for enabling self-adaptation capabilities within CPSs at different architectural layers. Overcoming the challenges associated with designing and implementing self-adaptive mechanisms in CPSs will provide a path for bolstering a new generation of CPSs with greater robustness and reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8913497
Pages (from-to)171126-171139
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.


  • Adaptive systems
  • cyber-physical systems
  • self-adaptation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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