Self-citation in archaeology: Age, gender, prestige, and the self

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39 Scopus citations


Citation analyses in archaeology have detected prestige tactics, shifts in research agendas, and patterns of gender differentiation. This paper focuses on self-citation in archaeology and systematically analyzes the factors that affect rates of self-citation. Self-citation rates in archaeology are significantly higher than in socio-cultural anthropology but are average for a social science with interdisciplinary ties to the physical sciences. Self-citation correlates weakly with the gender of the citing author and the geographic and thematic focus of research, but correlates strongly with the age of the author. Additional analyses reveal partial evidence for the use of self-citation as a prestige tactic. The paper concludes with a discussion of citations to writers close to the author (mentors, friends).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Archaeological Method and Theory
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2006


  • Authorship
  • Citation analysis
  • Prestige
  • Socio-politics of archaeology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology


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