Self-efficacy for self-regulated learning: A validation study

Ellen L. Usher, Frank Pajares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

203 Scopus citations


The psychometric properties and multigroup measurement invariance of scores on the Self-Efficacy for Self-Regulated Learning Scale taken from Bandura's Children's Self-Efficacy Scale were assessed in a sample of 3,760 students from Grades 4 to 11. Latent means differences were also examined by gender and school level. Results reveal a unidimensional construct with equivalent factor pattern coefficients for boys and girls and for students in elementary, middle, and high school. Elementary school students report higher self-efficacy for self-regulated learning than do students in middle and high school. The latent factor is related to self-efficacy, self-concept, task goal orientation, apprehension, and achievement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-463
Number of pages21
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2008


  • Academic motivation
  • Self-efficacy
  • Self-regulated learning
  • Self-regulation
  • Social cognitive theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics


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