Poor self-care is common among adults with heart failure and leads to poor health outcomes. Low self-efficacy, depression, and low social support are associated with poor self-care, but knowledge about these relationships in heart failure is limited. Secondary data analysis of cross-sectional data from 346 adults with heart failure measuring self-efficacy, depressive symptoms, social support, and self-care adherence was conducted. Tests of mediation using multiple linear regressions indicate that self-efficacy fully mediates the relationships between depression and adherence, and social support and adherence. Bolstering self-efficacy may have a greater impact on self-care adherence than targeting either depression or social support alone.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Health Psychology|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was funded in part by a Center grant to the University of Kentucky, College of Nursing from National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR): 1P20NR010679 (Debra Moser, principal investigator); NIH, NINR, R01NR009280 (Terry Lennie, principal investigator); and NIH, NINR, R01 NR008567 (Debra Moser, principal investigator).
© SAGE Publications.
- social support
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Psychology