AIMS: Despite evidence-based recommendations for clinically stable patients with heart failure (HF) to engage in unsupervised exercise, the minimum cumulative dose of exercise per week associated with improvement in HF outcomes, especially in patients with poor functional capacity, has not been examined. We examined whether patients with HF and poor functional capacity who reported engagement in a guideline-recommended minimum weekly exercise had longer event-free survival than patients who did not exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: This analysis included 310 patients with HF who had completed the Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) and reported their level of engagement in exercise. Patients were grouped into good and poor functional capacity using a DASI cut-point of ≥19 and then further stratified based on their self-reported exercise level: high (≥60 min/week) and low (<60 min/week). Cox regression modelling was used to predict event-free survival for the four groups after adjusting for covariates. Patients (mean age = 61.6 ± 11.4 years, 30.3% female, 44.2% NYHA Classes III-IV) were followed for a median of 362 days. There were eight deaths and 108 all-cause hospitalizations. Patients with poor functional capacity who reported high exercise engagement had a 36% lower risk of all-cause hospitalization or mortality compared with patients with poor functional capacity who reported low exercise engagement (hazard ratio: 0.64, P = 0.028). CONCLUSION: Self-reported engagement in a minimum of 60 min of exercise per week was associated with a significant improvement in event-free survival, even in patients with HF with low functional capacity. These results provide evidence that this dose of exercise is beneficial in patients with HF and poor functional capacity.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing|
|State||Published - Jan 12 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: email@example.com.
- All-cause mortality
- Functional capacity
- Heart failure
- Self-reported exercise
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing