Nouns and verbs differ in their neural and psycholinguistic attributes. It is not known whether these differences lead to distinct patterns of response to treatment for individuals with word retrieval impairments associated with aphasia. Eight participants with naming disorders induced by left hemisphere strokes were treated with a semantic-phonologic treatment protocol for nouns and verbs using a single participant multiple baseline design. We measured treatment gains in a picture naming measure and other secondary language and communication measures. Treatment led to improved picture naming for trained nouns and verbs in five of eight patients, with no difference evident between nouns and verbs. Improvements for untrained words were minimal. Improvement in verb retrieval was associated with increases on a functional measure of communicative effectiveness. Improvement for nouns and verbs was associated with severity of word retrieval impairment at onset. Although distinct in neural and psycholinguistic attributes, nouns and verbs were affected by treatment in a similar pattern in this group of individuals. Training-specific effects suggest the need for careful selection of training words to have potential for functional benefit in daily communication.
|Number of pages||27|
|State||Published - Apr 2007|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Correspondence should be sent to Anastasia Raymer, Ph.D., Department of ESSE, 110 Child Study Center, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529-0136, USA. Tel: 757-683-4522; Fax: 757-683-5593. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Thanks to Melissa Johnson, Allison Noga, Renee Fuller, Francine Kohen, Leah Harper, and Kaitlyn Bountress for assistance with patient testing and reliability studies, and Sam Wu and Randy Robey for statistical advice. This research was supported by NIH (NIDCD) Clinical Research Center Grant (P50 DC03888-01A1) to the University of Florida (subcontract to Old Dominion University) and by the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Rehabilitation Research and Development.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology