Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is an aggressive neoplasm and seriously threatens human health. A14 is one kind of semisynthetic aurone that exhibits the capability to inhibit prostate cancer, but little is known about the role of A14 on T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Methods: Firstly, the effects of A14 on the ability of leukemia cells to proliferate were measured by Vi-cell counter. Then, we detected the cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry and characterized the related protein expression using immunoblotting. In addition, we constructed stable luciferase expressing cell lines for use in a cell derived xenograft mouse model to measure the effect of A14 on T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Results: Results exhibited that A14 markedly suppressed cell proliferation and induced G2/M phase arrest along with cell cycles regulating proteins changes. A14 led to apoptosis in leukemia cells, at least partly, through the cytochrome c signaling pathway. Experiments in cell derived xenograft mouse model also showed that A14 markedly ameliorated the survival rate. Conclusions: The present study revealed that semisynthetic aurones A14 can effectively protect against T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia progression both in vitro and in vivo, indicating the capability of A14 as a promising drug for the treatment of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (20277720D) and Department of Education of Hebei Province (QN2021086).
© 2022, The Author(s).
- Cell cycle
- Cell proliferation
- Semisynthetic aurones A14
- T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Complementary and alternative medicine