Sensory Processing Abnormalities in Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: A Mixed Methods Study

Elizabeth K. Rhodus, Elizabeth G. Hunter, Graham D. Rowles, Shoshana H. Bardach, Kelly Parsons, Justin Barber, Mary Ellen Thompson, Gregory A. Jicha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia often leads to behavioral and psychiatric symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Sensory processing abnormalities may be associated with BPSD. The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among sensory processing, behavior, and environmental features within the homes of people with MCI or dementia. This project used mixed methods to assess participants’ sensory processing, care partner perspectives on behaviors, and in situ observations of the home environment. Nine participants with cognitive impairment (MCI n = 8, early dementia = 1) and their care partners were included. Seven participants with cognitive impairment were reported to have abnormal sensory processing. Findings suggest that unique environmental adaptations, tailored to personal and sensory preferences for each participant, were associated with a decreased level of behavioral disruption during the observation periods. Implementing sensory-based approaches to maximize environment adaptation may be beneficial in reducing disruptive behaviors for adults with cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGerontology and Geriatric Medicine
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Funding for the longitudinal cohort is provided by NIH/NIA under Grant NIH/NIA P30 AG072946; and the first author is funded by the NIH under Grant NIH T32 AG057461: “Training in Translational Research in Alzheimer’s and Related Dementias (TRIAD).”

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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