Separating the effects of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and rye (Secale cereale) root and shoot residues on weed development

Melinda L. Hoffman, Leslie A. Weston, John C. Snyder, Emilie E. Regnier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Greenhouse experiments that used capillary mat subirrigation to maintain constant soil moisture and to supply fertilizer continuously were conducted to evaluate the effects of sorghum or rye residue on early growth of barnyardgrass and velvetleaf. The separate effects of root residue and of shoot residue were compared to the combined effects of root plus shoot residues and to an uncovered soil control. Residues included as nontoxic controls were leached shoot tissue and poplar excelsior. Shoot residue, leached shoot tissue, and poplar excelsior were surface-applied on an equal light transmittance basis such that mass of poplar excelsior > shoot residue > leached shoot tissue. The presence of rye root residue delayed emergence of barnyardgrass. Surface-applied residues tended to decrease barnyardgrass height, but velvetleaf stem length was greater in treatments with surface residue. Although cover crop shoot residues had little effect on weed growth after 18 d, weed growth decreased in the presence of cover crop root residues and poplar excelsior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalWeed Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996


  • Capillary mat subirrigation
  • allelopathy
  • cover crop
  • physical effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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