Separation of hazardous organics by reverse osmosis membranes

M. Williams, R. Deshmukh, D. Bhattacharyya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extensive experimental studies showed that thin‐film, composite membranes can be used effectively for the separation of selected hazardous organic compounds. This waste treatment technique offers definite advantages in terms of high solute separations at low pressures (<2 MPa) and broad pH operating range, and the use of charged membrane would allow the selective separation of some organics from feeds containing high salt concentrations. In addition, feed pre‐ozonation of selected organics has been shown to provide significant improvement in flux and rejection characteristics for both charged and uncharged membranes due to formation of ionizable organic acid intermediates during the ozonation that do not interact as strongly with the membrane. It has been shown that the overall ozonation–membrane process could be greatly effective in producing permeate water of high quality while minimizing the volume of waste that must be further treated. Batch adsorption studies were also utilized to understand the membrane flux drop phenomena in non‐ozonated solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-125
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Progress
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science

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