Purpose: We evaluated the relationship between prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and overall survival in the context of a prospectively randomized clinical trial comparing androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) plus docetaxel with ADT alone for initial metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. Methods: We performed a landmark survival analysis at 7 months using the E3805 Chemohormonal Therapy Versus Androgen Ablation Randomized Trial for Extensive Disease in Prostate Cancer (CHAARTED) database (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00309985). Inclusion required at least 7 months of follow-up and PSA levels at 7 months from ADT initiation. We used the prognostic classifiers identified in a previously reported trial (Southwest Oncology Group 9346) of PSA ≤ 0.2, > 0.2 to 4, and > 4 ng/mL. Results: Seven hundred nineteen of 790 patients were eligible for this subanalysis; 358 were treated with ADT plus docetaxel, and 361 were treated with ADT alone. Median follow-up time was 23.1 months. On multivariable analysis, achieving a 7-month PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL was more likely with docetaxel, low-volume disease, prior local therapy, and lower baseline PSAs (all P < .01). Across all patients, median overall survival was significantly longer if 7-month PSA reached ≤ 0.2 ng/mL compared with > 4 ng/mL (median survival, 60.4 v 22.2 months, respectively; P < .001). On multivariable analysis, 7-month PSA ≤ 0.2 and low volume disease were prognostic of longer overall survival (all P < 0.01). The addition of docetaxel increased the likelihood of achieving a PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL at 7 months (45.3% v 28.8% of patients on ADT alone). Patients on ADT alone who achieved a 7-month PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL had the best survival and were more likely to have low-volume disease (56.7%). Conclusion: PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL at 7 months is prognostic for longer overall survival with ADT for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer irrespective of docetaxel administration. Adding docetaxel increased the likelihood of a lower PSA and improved survival.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Sanofi provided docetaxel for early use, and financial grant support was provided by the National Cancer Institute Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN). This study was coordinated by the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group (Peter J. O'Dwyer, MD, and Mitchell D. Schnall, MD, PhD, group co-chairs) and supported by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health under the following grant numbers: CA180820, CA180794, CA180795, CA180790, CA180802, CA180821, CA180833, CA180847, CA180853, CA180867, CA180888, CA180801, and CA189829.
© 2017 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research