Sex comparisons for very short-term dynamic constant external resistance training

M. Travis Byrd, Taylor K. Dinyer, Haley C. Bergstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study compared sex responses for strength and barbell velocity from very short-term resistance training (VST, consisting of 2–3 training sessions) for an upper body dynamic constant external resistance (DCER) exercise (bench press [BP]). Ten females (mean ± standard deviation (SD) age: 21.3 ± 3 years, height: 166.2 ± 6 cm, body mass: 71.4 ± 10.7 kg) and 10 males (mean ± SD age: 24.6 ± 4 years, height: 179.5 ± 8 cm, body mass: 88.6 ± 11 kg) completed a pre-test visit to determine the BP 1 repetition maximum (1RM) as well as the mean (BP MV ) and peak (BP PV ) barbell velocities from the BP 1RM. The VST involved three training visits where the participants performed 5 sets of 6 repetitions, at 65% of the 1RM. The post-test followed the same procedures as the pre-test visit. There were significant increases in 1RM strength for both the males (5.1%) and females (5.4%) between pre-test and post-test. There were no significance differences between sex for mean (BP MV ) and peak (BP PV ); however, overall there was a 32.7% increase in BP MV and a 29.8% increase in BP PV . These findings indicated an increase in strength and barbell velocity for both males and females as a result of VST upper body DCER exercise in untrained subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number50
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors.


  • Bench press
  • Bench throw
  • Dynamic constant external resistance (DCER)
  • Gender
  • Very short-term resistance training (VST)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Rheumatology
  • Histology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Sex comparisons for very short-term dynamic constant external resistance training'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this