Background: Studies have reported sex differences in the management of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the general population. This observational study is designed to evaluate whether sex differences exist in the contemporary management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients admitted for diagnosis of AMI. Hypothesis: There is no difference in management of HIV patients with AMI. Methods: Using the National Inpatient Sample database, we identified patients with a primary diagnosis of AMI and a secondary diagnosis of HIV. We described baseline characteristics and outcomes using NIS documentation. Our primary areas of interest were revascularization and mortality. Results: Among 2 977 387 patients presenting from 2010 to 2014 with a primary diagnosis of AMI, 10907 (0.4%) had HIV (mean age, 54.1 ± 9.3 years; n = 2043 [18.9%] female). Females were younger, more likely to be black, and more likely to have hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and anemia. Although neither males nor females were more likely to undergo coronary angiography in multivariate analysis, revascularization was performed less frequently in females than in males (45.4% vs 62.7%; P < 0.01), driven primarily by lower incidence of PCI. In a multivariate model, females were less likely to undergo revascularization (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.45–0.78, P < 0.01), a finding driven solely by PCI (OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.49–0.83, P < 0.01). All-cause mortality was similar in both groups. Conclusions: AMI was more common in males than females with HIV. Females with HIV were more likely to be younger and black and less likely to be revascularized by PCI.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Apr 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Penny Warren Research Award, University of Kentucky; Dr. Abdel-Latif is supported by the University of Kentucky Clinical and Translational Science Pilot Award (UL1TR000117), the UK COBRE Early Career Program (P20 GM103527), and National Institutes of Health Grant R56 HL124266. The award was received by Gbolahan O Ogunbayo, Naoki Misumida and Ahmed Abdel-Latif
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- Acute Myocardial Infarction
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- Sex Differences
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine