Should we treat periodontal disease during gestation to improve pregnancy outcomes?

James E. Ferguson, Wendy F. Hansen, Karen F. Novak, M. John Novak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Until recently many physicians in the United States including obstetrician gynecologists have been relatively unconcerned with oral health. During most physical examinations, the oral cavity is given only a rudimentary examination. With the recognition of the oral-systemic health care link, physicians have been keenly interested in the findings from their dental colleagues in periodontal medicine which have convincingly linked periodontal disease with such diverse systemic health complications as aging, Alzheimer disease, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and also pregnancy complications including low birth weight, preterm delivery, preeclampsia, and early pregnancy loss. Intervention trials designed to improve oral health during pregnancy have proven to be safe; however, the outcomes have been inconsistent. Further studies will be required to determine the nature of the association and the optimal timing and efficacy of intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-467
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2007


  • Gingivitis
  • Low birth weight
  • Oral-systemic interface
  • Periodontitis
  • Preterm labor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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