Plants have evolved highly specific mechanisms to resist pathogens including preformed barriers and the induction of elaborate signaling pathways. Induced signaling requires recognition of the pathogen either via conserved pathogen-derived factors or specific pathogen-encoded proteins called effectors. Recognition of these factors by host encoded receptor proteins can result in the elicitation of different tiers of resistance at the site of pathogen infection. In addition, plants induce a type of systemic immunity which is effective at the whole plant level and protects against a broad spectrum of pathogens. Advances in our understanding of pathogen-recognition mechanisms, identification of the underlying molecular components, and their significant conservation across diverse plant species has enabled the development of novel strategies to combat plant diseases. This review discusses key advances in plant defense signaling that have been adapted or have the potential to be adapted for plant protection against microbial diseases.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Dec 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank all members (past and present) of the laboratories of A. Kachroo and P. Kachroo who contributed to SAR-related work. Our work is funded by the National Science Foundation (IOS 0749731, 051909), Kentucky Soybean Board, and the Kentucky Science and Engineering Foundation (KSF-2923-RDE-016). The information reported in this article is part of a project of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and is published with the approval of the Director.
© 2017 The American Phytopathological Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science