Continually detected biologically persistent nitromusks; galaxolide (HHCB), tonalide (AHTN) and musk ketone (MK), antimicrobial triclosan (TCS), and antihistamine diphenhydramine (DPH) were examined for the first time in edible fillets originating from eight fish species grown in salt- and fresh-water. The sampled fish collected from local grocery stores were homogenized, extracted, pre-concentrated and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using selected ion monitoring (SIM). The presence of the target compounds in fish extracts was confirmed based on similar mass spectral features and retention behavior with standards. Internal standard based calibration plots were used for quantification. The HHCB, AHTN, TCS and DPH were consistently observed with concentration of 0.163-0.892, 0.068-0.904, 0.189-1.182, and 0.942-7.472ngg-1, respectively. These values are at least 1-3 orders of magnitude lower than those obtained in environmental fish specimens. The MK was not detected in any fish.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jul 2014|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the help of Dr. Christian Daughton, U.S. EPA, Las Vegas for initiating the pharmaceutical and personal care products analysis in the environment. Authors would like to thank Lawrence Lee, CIE Director, Northwest Missouri State University for financial assistance to continue the research project.
- Edible fish
- Grocery stores
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemistry (all)
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis