A combination of particle imaging velocimetry (PIV), particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) was employed to measure conditional flow field statistics in partially premixed turbulent opposed jet flames. These flames were observed to be very sensitive to excessive seeding of particles. Since flames close to extinction were studied, very low seeding densities were required to prevent impact on the extinction behavior of the flame, and conventional PIV algorithms would have resulted in poor spatial resolution. An improved PIV algorithm was developed, in connection with a PTV procedure used in high-temperature regions of low seed density, and revealed high in-plane resolution up to 300 μm. The PIV/ PTV algorithm slightly under-resolved the Kolmogorov scales for the present cases, whereas Batchelor scales were fully resolved in-plane by the simultaneous OH PLIF. In the data processing, transient OH contours obtained from single-shots were used to define flame-fixed coordinates. Conditional velocities, out-of-plane vorticity, 2D dilatation, and both axial and radial strain were processed from the data. The conditional statistics show that vorticity is preferably generated close to the reaction zone, particularly at off-centerline positions. Hence, flow-chemistry interactions could be identified directly in the region of the reaction zone. This finding was also supported by qualitative high speed Mie scattering/chemiluminescence imaging that permitted temporally resolved visualization of the formation of eddies just upstream of the luminous flame areas.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Combustion Institute|
|State||Published - 2007|
|Event||31st International Symposium on Combustion - Heidelberg, Germany|
Duration: Aug 5 2006 → Aug 11 2006
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB568, Project B1 DR374/4-1) and the National Science Foundation (CTS-0106231) is gratefully acknowledged.
- Combined PIV/PTV/PLIF imaging
- Conditional flow field statistics
- Turbulent opposed jet flames
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (all)
- Mechanical Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry