Single-cell transcriptional analysis of normal, aberrant, and malignant hematopoiesis in zebrafish

Finola E. Moore, Elaine G. Garcia, Riadh Lobbardi, Esha Jain, Qin Tang, John C. Moore, Mauricio Cortes, Aleksey Molodtsov, Melissa Kasheta, Christina C. Luo, Amaris J. Garcia, Ravi Mylvaganam, Jeffrey A. Yoder, Jessica S. Blackburn, Ruslan I. Sadreyev, Craig J. Ceol, Trista E. North, David M. Langenau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hematopoiesis culminates in the production of functionally heterogeneous blood cell types. In zebrafish, the lack of cell surface antibodies has compelled researchers to use fluorescent transgenic reporter lines to label specific blood cell fractions. However, these approaches are limited by the availability of transgenic lines and fluorescent protein combinations that can be distinguished. Here, we have transcriptionally profiled single hematopoietic cells from zebrafish to define erythroid, myeloid, B, and T cell lineages. We also used our approach to identify hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells and a novel NK-lysin 4+ cell type, representing a putative cytotoxic T/NK cell. Our platform also quantified hematopoietic defects in rag2E450fs mutant fish and showed that these fish have reduced T cells with a subsequent expansion of NK-lysin 4+ cells and myeloid cells. These data suggest compensatory regulation of the innate immune system in rag2E450fs mutant zebrafish. Finally, analysis of Myc-induced T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia showed that cells are arrested at the CD4+/CD8+ cortical thymocyte stage and that a subset of leukemia cells inappropriately reexpress stem cell genes, including bmi1 and cmyb. In total, our experiments provide new tools and biological insights into single-cell heterogeneity found in zebrafish blood and leukemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-992
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume213
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Moore et al.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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