Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The dentist's area of expertise may present with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) characteristics that they should be aware of to provide a timely referral and avoid these consequences. SDB can manifest with symptoms such as snoring, gasping, apneas, and restless sleep. Children spend more than half their lives sleeping. Based on physiologic measures and a polysomnograph, sleep can be divided into rapid eye movement sleep and non-rapid eye movement sleep. SDB encompasses all air intake insufficiencies during sleep. The most severe on this continuum is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA, the most severe form of SDB, is also prevalent in children, although to a lesser degree. Studies find that OSA occurs in 1.2-5% of the child population, many cases of which also remain undiagnosed. Certain physical and physiologic characteristics place a child at risk for having or developing SDB. Many patients with SDB present with a constricted maxilla and posterior crossbite.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry
Pages301-312
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781119661085
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords

  • constricted maxilla
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • posterior crossbite
  • sleep disordered breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry (all)

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