Small GTPase determinants for the golgi processing and plasmalemmal expression of human ether-a-go-go related (hERG) K+ channels

Brian P. Delisle, Heather A.S. Underkofler, Brooke M. Moungey, Jessica K. Slind, Jennifer A. Kilby, Jabe M. Best, Jason D. Foell, Ravi C. Balijepalli, Timothy J. Kamp, Craig T. January

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39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pro-arrhythmic Long QT syndrome (LQT) is linked to 10 different genes (LQT1-10). Approximately 40% of genotype-positive LQT patients have LQT2, which is characterized by mutations in the human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG). hERG encodes the voltage-gated K+ channel α-subunits that form the pore of the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current in the heart. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms that regulate the intracellular transport or trafficking of hERG, because trafficking is impaired for about 90% of LQT2 missense mutations. Protein trafficking is regulated by small GTPases. To identify the small GTPases that are critical for hERG trafficking, we coexpressed hERG and dominant negative (DN) GTPase mutations in HEK293 cells. The GTPases Sar1 and ARF1 regulate the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export of proteins in COPII and COPI vesicles, respectively. Expression of DN Sar1 inhibited the Golgi processing of hERG, decreased hERG current (IhERG) by 85%(n≥8 cells per group, *, p < 0.01),and reduced the plasmalemmal staining of hERG. The coexpression of DN ARF1 had relatively small effects on hERG trafficking. Surprisingly, the coexpression of DN Rab11B, which regulates the endosomal recycling, inhibited the Golgi processing of hERG, decreased IhERG by 79% (n ≥ 8 cells per group; *, p < 0.01), and reduced the plasmalemmal staining of hERG. These data suggest that hERG undergoes ER export in COPII vesicles and endosomal recycling prior to being processed in the Golgi. We conclude that hERG trafficking involves a pathway between the ER and endosomal compartments that influences expression in the plasmalemma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2844-2853
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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