Introduction: Secondhand smoke (SHS) is a leading cause of childhood illness and premature death, especially in rural areas. The study examined the relationship of having a smoke-free home, strength of smoke-free law (SFL) in the county of residence, having one or more minor children in the home, rural/urban location, and demographics. Methods: An Internet-based panel survey was administered to Kentucky residents from 2007 to 2012. Sample size ranged from 400 to 513 per year; N = 2,653 total. Most were female, aged 35-54, had at least some college education, and lived in a smoke-free home. Almost half lived in a county with a comprehensive SFL; 14% lived in a county with a moderate or weak law. Results: Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the significant predictors of a smoke-free home included having education beyond high school, being a nonsmoker, living in an urban county, and having a year of participation in the survey. Controlling for smoking status and other personal characteristics, those who responded to the survey in the last 2 years of administration were more likely to have a smoke-free home compared to the reference year of 2007. Respondents living in urban counties were nearly 2 times more likely to report a smoke-free home than rural dwellers. Conclusions: Smoke-free homes in urban areas, where SFLs may be the norm, may be more typical than in rural communities. Public awareness campaigns and education about the benefits of smoke-free homes is needed, especially in rural areas, targeting smokers, those with less education, and those with children living in the home.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberntt191
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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