Smokefree legislation: A review of health and economic outcomes research

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103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context Smokefree legislation is a powerful public health intervention. Despite progress in smokefree legislation, over half of U.S. adults remain unprotected by comprehensive smokefree legislation. Evidence acquisition This paper reviews the scientific literature on health and economic outcome studies of smokefree legislation from the past decade, 2000 to early 2010, using MEDLINE and key search terms: smoking, smoking cessation, smoking/legislation and jurisprudence, smoking cessation/legislation and jurisprudence, and health policy. Evidence synthesis There is a wealth of research showing the health benefits to entire populations when communities implement comprehensive smokefree laws and/or regulations. These laws improve the health of hospitality workers and the general population by improving indoor air quality, reducing acute myocardial infarctions and asthma exacerbations, and improving infant and birth outcomes. Some studies report reduced smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption and improved cessation outcomes after smokefree legislation. In addition to the health benefits, economic studies confirm that smokefree laws do not adversely affect business revenues or operating costs. Conclusions While there is an abundance of smokefree policy outcomes research showing both the health and economic impacts of smokefree legislation, these outcomes may have more to do with implementation effectiveness than adoption, especially among subpopulations. An emerging body of literature documents not only that disparities in health protections remain among subpopulations, but that health outcomes of smokefree legislation may vary by gender, race/ethnicity, SES, and age. Further research is needed on implementation effectiveness of smokefree legislation and differential effects on subpopulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S66-S76
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume39
Issue number6 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This paper was supported by ClearWay Minnesota SM as part of a supplement entitled ClearWay Minnesota SM : Advancing Tobacco Control Through Applied Research (Am J Prev Med 2010;39[6S1]).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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