Smoking Behaviors and Medical Co-Morbidities in Patients With Mental Illnesses

Peggy El-Mallakh, Danielle McPeak, Milan Khara, Chizimuzo T. Okoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Correlations among smoking behaviors and co-morbid medical illnesses were examined among 982 smokers with mental illnesses enrolled in a smoking cessation program within Mental Health and Addictions Services in Vancouver, Canada. Significant correlates among individuals with psychotic disorders included associations between a history of emphysema/chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) disease and cigarettes smoked per day (r's = .35, p ≤ .01), Confidence in quitting (r's = −.33, p ≤ .01), and nicotine dependence (r's = .32, p ≤ .01). Study findings may have implications for the development of integrated medical–psychiatric treatment delivery models that include comprehensive tobacco cessation programs tailored toward people with mental illnesses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-746
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Psychiatric Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatric Mental Health


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