Smoking characteristics among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults

Amanda Fallin, Amie Goodin, Youn Ok Lee, Keisa Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


Objective: Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Sexual minorities (lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals), smoke at higher rates than the general population. However, little else is known about sexual minority smokers. Furthermore, the sexual minority population is diverse and little research exists to determine whether subgroups, such as lesbians, gay men, and female and male bisexuals, differ on smoker characteristics. We examine differences in smoking characteristics (advertising receptivity, age of first cigarette, non-daily smoking, cigarettes per day, nicotine dependence, desire to quit and past quit attempts) among lesbians, gay men, and female and male bisexual adults in the United States. Methods: Secondary analysis of the CDC's (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 2009-2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey (N. = 118,590). Results: Controlling for age, race, socioeconomic status and geographic region, identifying as a female bisexual was associated with fewer past quit attempts, lower age at first cigarette, and higher nicotine dependence when compared to heterosexual women. There were no differences in desire to quit between male or female sexual minorities and their heterosexual counterparts. Conclusion: Sexual minority individuals smoke at higher rates than heterosexuals and yet similarly desire to quit. Tailored efforts may be needed to address smoking among bisexual women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalPreventive Medicine
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014.


  • LGBT
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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