S(‐)‐Nornicotine Increases Dopamine Release in a Calcium‐Dependent Manner from Superfused Rat Striatal Slices

Linda P. Dwoskin, Susan T. Buxton, Ann L. Jewell, Peter A. Crooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Abstract: The present study demonstrates that S(‐)‐nornicotine evoked a concentration‐dependent increase in dopamine (DA) release from superfused rat striatal slices. The increase in DA release was indicated by an S(‐)‐nornicotine‐induced overflow of endogenous 3,4‐dihydroxyphenyl‐acetic acid (DOPAC) in the striatal superfusate and by an S(‐)‐nornicotine‐induced increase in tritium overflow from striatal slices preloaded with [3H]DA. Low concentrations (0.01–1.0 μM) of S(‐)‐nornicotine, which did not evoke endogenous DOPAC overflow, also were unable to modulate electrically evoked DOPAC overflow. The increase in DOPAC overflow induced by S(‐)‐nornicotine was compared with that produced by S(‐)‐nicotine. Comparing equimolar concentrations (0.1‐100 μM) of S(‐)‐nornicotine and S(‐)‐nicotine, superfusion with S(‐)‐nornicotine resulted in a significantly greater DOPAC overflow. In contrast to the effect of S(‐)‐nicotine, S(‐)‐nornicotine evoked a sustained increase in DOPAC over‐flow for the entire period of S(‐)‐nornicotine exposure. Furthermore, DOPAC overflow evoked by S(‐)‐nornicotine in control Krebs buffer was inhibited by superfusion with a low‐calcium buffer. Moreover, in the low‐calcium buffer, DOPAC overflow induced by 30 and 100 μM S(‐)‐nornicotine was not different from that with no S(‐)‐nornicotine. The results indicate that S(‐)‐nornicotine, a constituent of tobacco products and a known metabolite of S(‐)‐nicotine, increases DA release in a calcium‐dependent manner in superfused rat striatal slices. It is interesting that unlike S(‐)‐nicotine, there does not appear to be desensitization to this effect of S(‐)‐nornicotine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2167-2174
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1993


  • 3,4‐Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid
  • Calcium dependence
  • Dopamine release
  • S(‐)‐Nicotine
  • S(‐)‐Nornicotine
  • Striatum.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'S(‐)‐Nornicotine Increases Dopamine Release in a Calcium‐Dependent Manner from Superfused Rat Striatal Slices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this