Social Cognitive Career Theory Predictors of Goal Persistence in African American College Students With Disabilities

Jia Rung Wu, Madan Kundu, Kanako Iwanaga, Fong Chan, Xiangli Chen, Phillip Rumrill, Paul Wehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Black Lives Matter movement exposed the broad and deep issues of institutional racism in the United States. Helping young African Americans with disabilities persevere in their pursuit of college degrees and obtain entry-level professional jobs as career pathways to the middle class will contribute to workplace equity for young adults who are at the intersection of race, disability, and poverty. The Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) has been validated extensively as a model of goal persistence for women and minority college students majoring in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). The present study evaluated SCCT constructs as predictors of goal persistence in a sample of African American college students with disabilities across various academic majors, using hierarchical regression analysis. The final model accounted for 53% of the variance in goal persistence scores, a large effect size. Academic milestone self-efficacy and career self-efficacy were the most important predictors of goal persistence, followed by academic barrier self-efficacy, deep learning style, and career outcome expectancy. The SCCT interventions designed to increase academic and career efficacy and outcome expectancy will increase the likelihood that African American college students with disabilities will complete their degrees and successfully obtain professional jobs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The contents of this article were developed with support from a Field-Initiated Research Grant funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (Grant 90IF0103-02-00) to Southern University at Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Publisher Copyright:
© Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2022.


  • African Americans
  • goal persistence
  • postsecondary education
  • quality employment
  • Social Cognitive Career Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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