Social support and crack/cocaine use among incarcerated mothers and nonmothers

Kathi L.H. Harp, Carrie Oser, Carl Leukefeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Limited research shows that correlates of substance use differ for mothers and nonmothers. This study compares mothers and nonmothers by examining the relationship between perceived social support and frequency of crack/cocaine use. Data for the 307 female prisoners in this sample were collected between 2007 and 2008 in four US states during the Criminal Justice-Drug Abuse Treatment Studies' (CJ-DATS) Reducing Risky Relationships for HIV protocol. Ordinary least squares regression models revealed that greater social support was significantly associated with less frequent crack/cocaine use among mothers but not nonmothers. Implications are discussed. This research was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-694
Number of pages9
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number6
StatePublished - May 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Kathi LH Harp, MA, is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Sociology at the University of Kentucky. She has F31 funding from the National Institutes of Drug Abuse to complete her dissertation examining the interplay between motherhood, social support, and substance use among African American women. Ms. Harp’s research interests include pregnant women and mothers with substance-use problems and effective treatment modalities for substance-using women and mothers.


  • Cocaine
  • Criminal justice
  • Female
  • Incarceration
  • Motherhood
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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