Somatic embryo cycling, a modification of soybean somatic embryogenic suspension culture, was developed as an efficient and rapid method of producing tissue suitable for stable transformation of soybean germplasm by biolistic particle bombardment. Instead of using immature seed explants, cotyledon-staged somatic embryo hypocotyls were placed on auxin-containing medium, where they initiated new somatic embryos primarily from single epidermal cells. By bombarding hypocotyls prior to initiation of subsequent embryo formation, we have effectively transformed soybean somatic embryos with the reporter genes neomycin phosphotransferase, β-glucuronidase, and a mammalian stearyl CoA delta-9 desaturase, controlled by a seed-specific promoter. These embryos contain significantly reduced levels of saturated palmitic and stearic fatty acids, and significant amounts of monounsaturated palmitoleic acid, which is not normally abundant in soybean seeds. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of somatic embryo cycling for soybean transformation, and for testing expression of genes for seed-specific proteins. Abnormal flower development in recovered plants is a limitation for application of the technique to produce transgenic seed at present.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture|
|State||Published - 1996|
- somatic embryogenesis
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