Somatostatin receptor imaging: Predictive and prognostic considerations

Lowell B. Anthony, William Martin, Dominique Delbeke, Martin Sandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Compared with other imaging modalities and clinical investigation, the 111ln-pentetreotide scan identified additional metastatic disease sites in 12 carcinoid patients and 2 occult primaries, and influenced the therapeutic outcome in 36 patients [29 carcinoids, 2 atypical carcinoids, 3 cancers of unknown primaries (CUPs) and 2 medullary thyroid carcinomas (MCTs)]. No adverse reactions were noted. Somatostatin receptors were detected in 59/60 carcinoid patients, 3/4 atypical carcinoid patients, 0/2 MCT patients, and 0/3 cases of CUP. Somatostatin receptor presence is underestimated in some patients using standard hormonal response criteria rather than scintigraphy. 18 patients with metastatic carcinoids who underwent 111In-pentetreotide scanning were all somatostatin receptor positive. Their mean (± SE) 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) suppression with octreotide therapy was -53% (± 6%). 8 patients had < 50% and 10 had > 50% 5-HIAA suppression (ranges: -4 to -47% and -58 to -94%, respectively). To investigate the effect of somatostatin analogues on survival, 90 consecutive cases of carcinoid syndrome patients treated during the somatostatin analogue era were reviewed. Survival according to primary site was 12.01, 18.29 and 6.05 years (overall median 12.01 years) for patients with foregut, midgut and unknown primaries, respectively. The difference from historical controls is substantial (67 vs. 18% 5-year survival), although our series is neither prospective nor randomised. The heterogeneity in patient and tumour response to somatostatin analogue therapy is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-53
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996


  • 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid
  • Carcinoid
  • Pentetreotide
  • Receptor
  • Scintigraphy
  • Somatostatin
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


Dive into the research topics of 'Somatostatin receptor imaging: Predictive and prognostic considerations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this