The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 gene (MCP-1) is induced by the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor through the coordinate assembly of an NF-κB-dependent distal regulatory region and a proximal region that has been suggested to bind Sp1 as well as other factors. To provide a genetic correlation for Sp1 activity in this system, a cell line homozygous for a targeted truncation of the Sp1 gene was derived and examined. We found that the lack of Sp1 binding activity resulted in the inability of both the distal and proximal regions to assemble in vivo even though the binding of NF-κB to distal region DNA was unaffected in vitro. We also found that Sp1 and NF-κB were the minimal mammalian transcription factors required for efficient activity when transfected into Drosophila Schneider cells. Additionally, Sp3 was able to compensate for Sp1 in the Drosophila tissue cell system but not in the Sp1(-/-) cell line suggesting that Sp1 usage is site-specific and is likely to depend on the context of the binding site. Together, these data provide genetic and biochemical proof for Sp1 in regulating the MCP-1 gene.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 21 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology