A combined spectroscopic/computational approach has been utilized to explore the chemical origins of the active-site pKs of the structurally homologous Fe- and Mn-dependent superoxide dismutases (SODs). Absorption, circular dichroism, magnetic circular dichroism, and variable-temperature, variable-field magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopic experiments have permitted us to determine electronic transition energies and polarizations, as well as ground-state spin Hamiltonian parameters. These experimental data have been used in conjunction with semiempirical intermediate neglect of differential overlap/spectroscopic parametrization configuration interaction (INDO/S-CI) computations for evaluating hypothetical active-site models for the high-pH species generated by density functional theory (DFT) geometry optimizations. Our experimental and computational data indicate that both reduced FeSOD and oxidized MnSOD do not bind hydroxide at high pH; rather, the active-site pK for these two species is attributed to deprotonation of a second-sphere tyrosine. Conversely, our data obtained on oxidized FeSOD indicate that hydroxide binding is responsible for the observed active-site pK for this species. Intriguingly, in the Fe-substituted form of MnSOD this identical chemical event occurs at a significantly lower pH. Overall, our results suggest an important role for second-sphere amino acids in tuning the active sites' interaction with small anions and bring into question the assumption that these homologous enzymes operate by the same molecular mechanism.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - Sep 11 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (all)
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry