Splanchnic metabolism of short-chain fatty acids in the ruminant

N. B. Kristensen, D. L. Harmon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The unique digestive system of ruminants has major impacts on their energy metabolism because carbohydrates are largely fermented and only to a small extent digested by host enzymes. Shortchain fatty acids (SCFA) are produced during fermentation in the ruminant forestomachs and quantitatively SCFA are the most important substrates for ruminant energy metabolism. The central dogma of ruminant nutritional physiology has been that gut epithelia have a large metabolism of SCFA and that SCFA are available to other tissues in considerably lower amounts than ruminal production would suggest. A series of papers published since the IX ISRP question the traditional view on SCFA metabolism and it is concluded that the forestomach epithelia contrary to our previous understanding, do not metabolize extensive amounts of acetate and propionate. The forestomachs of ruminants have a high affinity for butyrate and valerate and the physiology of gut epithelial and hepatic metabolism of SCFA is discussed in this context.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRuminant Physiology
Subtitle of host publicationDigestion, Metabolism and Impact of Nutrition on Gene Expression, Immunology and Stress
Pages249-265
Number of pages17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Liver
  • Metabolism
  • Ruminal epithelium
  • Short-chain fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Engineering

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