Spreading of Water Droplets on Cellulose-Based Papers: The Effect of Back-Surface Coating

Ching Bin Lin, Han Sen Chang, Yulin Zhang, Fuqian Yang, Sanboh Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Regulation of wetting and spreading of liquid on porous material plays an important role in a variety of applications, such as waterproofing, anti-icing, antioxidation, self-cleaning, etc. In this work, we reveal the role of back-surface coating with superhydrophobic nanoparticles in controlling the spreading of water droplets on cellulose-based papers. A layer of superhydrophobic polydivinylbenzene (PDVB) nanoparticles is spin-coated on the back surface of different types of papers. The spreading of a water droplet on the top, uncoated surface is dependent on the size of the PDVB nanoparticles in the coating. Using a relationship derived from Darcy's law, we observe that the energy barrier for the spreading of water droplets on three types of papers (heavy-weight, light-weight, and slight-weight papers) decreases with the decrease of the nanoparticle size in the back-surface coating. The spreading of the water droplet is dependent on the porous structure, permeability, and compressibility of the papers. The method presented in this work provides a feasible approach to use the back-surface coating to control the wettability of papers.

Original languageEnglish
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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