Background: Controlled drug challenge studies provide valuable information about the acute behavioral effects of drugs, including individual differences that may affect risk for abuse. One question that arises in such studies is whether a single administration of a drug (and placebo) provides an accurate measure of response to the drug. Methods: Here, we examined data from two studies, one with alcohol and one with amphetamine, in which participants received two administrations of the drug and placebo. In this analysis we assess the stability of acute subjective and cardiovascular responses to the drugs across the two administrations. We examine i) systematic increases or decreases to the drugs from the first to the second administration, ii) test-retest reliability within individuals and iii) the accuracy of the acute drug responses to predict drug choice in a later session. Results: Responses were largely stable across sessions, although on the second session amphetamine “liking” was higher, and subjective responses to placebo including “liking” and “want more” decreased in both studies. Test-retest reliability within individuals was high. Responses during the first drug administration were as accurate in predicting drug choice as responses during both administrations combined. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that a single administration of drug (and placebo) provides a good index of an individual's responses to alcohol or amphetamine, when participants are tested under controlled experimental conditions.
|Journal||Drug and Alcohol Dependence|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health [ DA02812 ]. JW was supported by the National Institutes of Health [ K01AA024519 ]. CM was supported by the National Institutes of Health [ T32DA043469 ].
- Healthy volunteer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Pharmacology (medical)