Statewide dissemination and implementation of physical activity standards in afterschool programs: Two-year results

Michael W. Beets, R. Glenn Weaver, Keith Brazendale, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, Ruth P. Saunders, Justin B. Moore, Collin Webster, Mahmud Khan, Aaron Beighle

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9 Scopus citations


Background: In 2015, YMCA afterschool programs (ASPs) across South Carolina, USA pledged to achieve the YMCA physical activity standard calling for all children to accumulate 30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while attending their ASPs. This study presents the final two-year outcomes from the dissemination and implementation efforts associated with achieving this MVPA standard. Methods: Twenty ASPs were sampled from all South Carolina YMCA-operated ASPs (N = 97) and visited at baseline (2015) and first (2016) and second year (2017) follow-up. All ASPs were provided training to increase MVPA during the program by extending the scheduled time for activity opportunities and modifying commonly played games to increase MVPA. The RE-AIM framework was used to evaluate the statewide intervention. Accelerometer-derived MVPA was the primary outcome. Intent-to-treat (ITT) models were conducted summer 2017. Programs were also classified, based on changes in MVPA from 2015 to 2016 and 2016-2017, into one of three categories: gain, maintain, or lost. Implementation, within the three groups, was evaluated via direct observation and document review. Results: Adoption during the first year was 45% of staff attending training, with this increasing to 67% of staff during the second year. ITT models indicated no increase in the odds of accumulating 30 min of MVPA after the first year for either boys (odds ratio [OR] 1.06, 95CI 0.86-1.31) or girls (OR 1.14, 95CI 0.87-1.50), whereas an increase in the odds was observed during the second year for boys (OR 1.31, 95CI 1.04-1.64) and girls (OR 1.50 95CI 1.01-1.80). Programs that lost MVPA (avg. - 5 to - 7.5 min/d MVPA) elected to modify their program in a greater number of non-supportive ways (e.g., reduce time for activity opportunities, less time spent outdoors), whereas ASPs that gained MVPA (avg. + 5.5 to + 10.1 min MVPA) elected to modify their program in more supportive ways. Conclusions: The statewide study demonstrated minimal improvements in overall MVPA. However, child MVPA was dramatically influenced by ASPs who elected to modify their daily program in more supportive than non-supportive ways, with no one program modifying their program consistently across the multi-year initiative. These findings have important implications for organizations seeking to achieve the MVPA standard. Trial registration: Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02394717.

Original languageEnglish
Article number819
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 3 2018

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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