Staying Out: Reentry Protective Factors Among Rural Women Offenders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The current study examines protective factors for women who transition from county jails to rural Appalachian communities, areas with limited health and behavioral health services. The study included drug-using women recruited from three jails in rural Appalachia and followed-up at 12-months post-release. Analyses focused on differences between women who remained in the community and those who returned to custody, as well as a multivariate model to determine protective factors for reentry success. At the bivariate level, staying out of jail was associated with being older, having a job, not using drugs, stable housing, receiving health treatment, and having prosocial peers. In the multivariate model, the most robust predictors of staying out of jail were drug use abstinence, health care utilization, and prosocial peers. Most research on criminogenic needs associated with reentry success have focused on men, and most focused on reentry to urban communities where services and resources are more accessible. These findings have important implications for criminal justice systems to implement reentry programs for women offenders during the transition to the community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-384
Number of pages17
JournalWomen and Criminal Justice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research reported in this article was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health under Award R01DA033866. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. We recognize the cooperation and partnership with the Kentucky Department of Corrections and the local jails participating in this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Appalachia
  • Reentry
  • offenders
  • rural
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Law


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