Stimulant medication use and response to growth hormone therapy: An NCGS database analysis

J. Paul Frindik, Alba Morales, John Fowlkes, Stephen Kemp, Kathryn Thrailkill, Barbara Lippe, Ken Dana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: Determine (1) frequency of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment and (2) growth responses in growth hormone (GH)-treated children who are receiving ADHD medication versus GH alone. Methods: Prepubertal children with idiopathic short stature (ISS) or GH deficiency (IGHD) enrolled in Genentech's National Cooperative Growth Study. ADHD treatment was determined by documentation of psycho-stimulant medication use at enrollment. Results: ADHD medication use increased from 0.8% (7/850) in 1985 to 5.8% (752/12,113) in 2005. First-year GH treatment response for ADHD + IGHD versus IGHD: 8.5 ± 2.0 vs. 9.4 ± 2.6 cm/year, but when adjusted for age, sex, and enrollment body mass index, the difference is clinically insignificant (-0.4 cm/year). First-year growth was similar in all ISS: 8.1 ± 1.9 versus 8.6 ± 2.1 cm/year (ADHD + ISS vs. ISS, an adjusted -0.2-cm/year difference). Conclusion: Increasing numbers of GH-treated children are taking ADHD medications and their growth responses during the first year of GH therapy are similar to those not taking ADHD medications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-166
Number of pages7
JournalHormone Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2009


  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Growth hormone
  • Growth hormone deficiency
  • Idiopathic short stature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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