“Stoma or no stoma”: First report of intestinal transplantation without stoma

Jang I. Moon, Hongbin Zhang, Levi Waldron, Kishore R. Iyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Recent data suggest that frequent endoscopy and biopsy without evidence of graft dysfunction does not appear to confer survival advantage after intestinal transplantation. After abandoning protocol surveillance, endoscopic examination was decreased significantly at our center. These observations led us to question the need for stoma creation in intestinal transplantation. Herein, we report clinical outcomes of intestinal transplantation without stoma, compared to conventional transplant with stoma. Data analysis was limited to adult intestinal transplantation without liver allograft between 2015 and 2018. We compared patient and graft survival, frequency of endoscopic evaluation, episodes of acute rejection, nutritional therapy, and renal function between “Control group (with stoma),” n = 18 grafts in 16 patients and “Study group (without stoma),” n = 16 grafts in 15 patients. Overall outcome was similar between the 2 groups with respect to graft and patient survival, episodes of acute rejection, and its response to treatment. Nutritional outcomes were similar in both groups. Fewer antidiarrheal medications were required in the study group, but this did not translate into demonstrable gains in preservation of renal function, despite an apparent trend to improvement. Intestinal transplantation without stoma appears to be an acceptable practice model without obvious adverse impact on outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3550-3557
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons


  • clinical research/ practice
  • intestinal (allograft) function/ dysfunction
  • intestine/ multivisceral transplantation
  • patient survival
  • rejection: acute

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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