Strategies for Tuning Emission Energy in Phosphorescent Ir(III) Complexes

Aron J. Huckaba, Mohammad K. Nazeeruddin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Research into phosphorescent Ir(III) complexes has grown immensely since their first report. Talented chemists have successfully synthesized complexes capable of emitting from the ultraviolet to the near-infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Tuning the emission energy in a selective manner requires knowledge of how ligand substitution affects not only energy levels such as the highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital, but also the emissive triplet energy level. This review describes fundamental principles involved in energy-level engineering and substituent selection as well as fundamental methods of device characterization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-145
Number of pages29
JournalComments on Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 4 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Taylor & Francis Group, LLC 2017.


  • OLEDs
  • emission tuning
  • iridium emitters
  • molecular engineering
  • phosphorescent emitters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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