Study on nano-pores enlargement during Ag-assisted electroless etching of diamond wire sawn polycrystalline silicon wafers

Yu Chao Niu, Hsing Tsun Liu, Xiang Ju Liu, Yan Sen Jiang, Xian Kun Ren, Pei Cai, Tong Guang Zhai

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, diamond wire sawn (DWS) mc-Si wafers were textured using Ag-assisted electroless etching (AgNO3+HF+H2O2) combined with an auxiliary etching (HF+HNO3). The evolution mechanism of the surface texture structure on the wafers was investigated in detail. It was noted that during the AgNO3+HF+H2O2 etching, there existed the difference in the axial direction and the depth of nano-pores among different grains. This difference made the different grains form different texture structures during the following HF+HNO3 etching. Since the etching of poly-silicon is isotropic in HF+HNO3 solution, it was the AgNO3+HF+H2O2 etching rather than the auxiliary etching (HF+HNO3) that resulted in the different texture structure among different grains. During the HF+HNO3 etching, the diameter of the etched pits on the wafer surface was enlarged quickly through the adjacent pits combination. The depth of the etched pits hardly increased because the top and bottom of pits were etched at the same time. As a result, the ratio of depth to diameter of the pits decreased. The texture difference among the grains and decrease of the ratio of depth to diameter of the pits limited the further enhancement of the PV efficiency of mc-Si solar cell. Therefore, the improving the uniformity of AgNO3+HF+H2O2 etching for the different crystal orientation grains and obtaining a large ratio of depth to diameter of the pits during the HF+HNO3 etching are two critical issues to enhance the PV efficiency of mc-Si solar cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science in Semiconductor Processing
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Ag-assisted electroless etching
  • Diamond wire sawn wafer
  • Nano-structure
  • Silicon solar cell
  • Texture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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