Study on the effects of changes in temperature-sensitive points on thermal error compensation model for CNC machine tool

Enming Miao, Yi Liu, Hui Liu, Zenghan Gao, Wei Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


Abstract In thermal error compensation technology on computer numerical control (CNC) machine tool, selecting appropriate and stable temperature-sensitive points for modeling and compensation, is crucial for improving the accuracy of machine. In this paper, the temperature-sensitive points are changeable is proved by analyzing batches of experiment data of air cutting experiments on Leaderway-V450 machine, so it changes the degree of multi-collinearity among temperature variables, causes a serious impact on linearization and forecasting accuracy of the model, and can't guarantee the model's robustness. Based on the above analysis, a modeling method of principal component regression (PCR) algorithm is proposed, which can eliminate the influence of multi-collinearity among temperature variables. On this basis, according to the characteristic of PCR algorithm, traverse optimization method for selecting the optimum temperature measuring points is put forward as well. And both of two methods are given practice tests through triaxial thermal error experiments of actual machine. And the results show, PCR model significantly reduces the effects of changes in temperature-sensitive points on model's accuracy; what's more, the model has good forecasting accuracy and robustness by using PCR model combines with traverse optimization method. So that makes real-time compensation for thermal error on CNC machine more applied engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3087
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
StatePublished - Jul 25 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • CNC machine tool
  • Changeable
  • Multi-collinearity
  • Principal component regression
  • Temperature-sensitive points
  • Thermal error model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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