Substance abuse early prevention programs for young children with school difficulties

Peter W. Dowrick, Carl G. Leukefeld, Robert A. Stodden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


High on everyone's list as both a contributor and a consequence of childhood substance abuse is "school failure." There is much written about some types of disabilities in relation to either drug abuse or school failure - never both. This article focuses on three areas: substance abuse, school-related difficulties, and childhood disabilities. This effort (the first in a two part series) focuses on preadolescent childhood. We review and update previous findings to identify key issues related to individual, family, school, and community factors. We describe programmatic attempts to address these issues and relevant risk and protective factors. Some school-based (or preparation) programs show promise for near-term prevention. For many risk or protective factors, the earlier and more comprehensive the intervention the better. We conclude with recommendations for policy and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-328
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Preparation of this article was supported by Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, with additional support from US Department of Education (Office of Special Education Programs and the National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation Research), although no endorsement is implied of the views expressed herein. We thank James Emshoff for guiding earlier versions of this article, and Lynn Nakahara and Julie Holmes for their diligent support in pursuit of relevant literature.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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